Name - Jafar ibne Mohammad (as)
Title - as-Sadiq, al-Fadhl, at-Taher
Kunyat - Abu Abdullah
Born - Monday 17th of Rabi-ul-Awwal 83 A.H. in Medina
Father Name - Muhammad ibne Ali (as)
Mother Name - Umme-e-Farwah (as)
Died - At the age of 65 years, in Medina, on Monday, 15 Shawal (some say 15 Rajab) 148 AH. Poisoned by Mansur Dawaneeqi the Abbasite
Buried - Jannat-ul-Baqi
One of the most widely respected Imams is Imam Jafar as-Sadiq (as), the truthful.
Imam Jafar as-Sadiq was born in Medina on the 17 of Rabi ul-Awwal in the year of 82
Hijra. He has the same date of birth as his great grandfather, Prophet Mohammad
(pbuh). Imam Jafar as-Sadiq`s father was the 5th Imam Mohammed Baqar (as) and
he, himself, is the 6th Imam of Shia muslims.
Both Shia and Sunni sects greatly admire him for his learning, piety, and contribution
to the knowledge what we call "sciences, physics, geography, chemistry, etc" today.
Imam Jafar as-Sadiq (as) was an influential lecturer, theologian and jurist. Among his
students were Abu Hanifa and Malik ibn Anas who were active in the development of
Sunni Islam. Though an active Shia theologian, Imam Jafar as-Sadiq (as) appeared to
have had a open-minded view of learning and continued effective conversations with
many scholars of opposing views. Regardless of his inactiveness in politics, he was
imprisoned and persecuted several times by the Abbassid Caliphs.
Imam Jafar as-Sadiq (as), along with his father, knew that the Muslim world would
be manipulate by books of the philosophers of Greece and Alexandria and that the
Muslims would thoughtlessly accept everything written in those books as the Gospel
truth. Both Imams knew that many of these fabricated and misleading theories would
catch Muslims minds, corrupt their thoughts, and make them ignorant for centuries to
come. For example the theory of Ptolemy that the earth is the centre of the universe
and the sun, the planet and the stars rotate around it was generally accepted by the Muslims as true.
The two Imams enlightened their students who later on spread their teachings amongst
other Muslims that the theories of those philosophers were incorrect, pointed out their
mistakes and taught people their own accurate theories. Likewise, Imam Baqar (as)
and Imam Jafar as-Sadiq (as) taught their students physics, chemistry, geography,
literature, etcetera way before the translation of these subjects from Indian, Greek and
Persian into Arabic came into existence.
Some of the most famous theories and discoveries of Imam Jafar as-Sadiq (as) are:
Rotation of the Earth around the Sun, Theory of Four Elements, Theory of Light,
Theory of Transfer of Disease by Rays, Theory of the Light of the Stars, Pollution
and Environment, Origin of the Universe, Laws of Physics (about solid and absorbent
materials being opaque), Composition of the Human Body, discovery of Hydrogen, and
After the martyrdom of his respected father, Imam Mohammed Baqar (as), our 6th
Imam undertook the flag of the guidance of Islam for 34 years. During the period when
the Umayyad government was facing inutility and there was dispute and feud with
the Abbasids, Imam Sadiq (as) utilized this golden opportunity in the renewal of the
Prophet`s customs, the spreading of the Islamic civilization and educated students who
created classics in the Shia history. During the same period, the spiritual university of
Imam Sadiq (as) included more than four thousand students in the distinct field of Figh
(Jurisprudence), Tafsir (Commentary) of Holy Quran, Kalaam, Hadith (traditions) and
experimental science. It is significant to state that two of the Imams of the Ahl-e-Sunnat
(that is Abu Hanifa and Malik Ibn-e-Anas) acquired the knowledge from Imam Sadiq
Imam Jafar as-Sadiq (as)`s Instructions to his disciples:
He (al-Sadiq (as)) advised his followers to adopt truthfulness and to pay trust. These
things are important for the person to live happily in this world. Al-Sadiq (A.S.) not only
urged his students to seek knowledge but also urged them to adopt clemency and
gravity. Concerning humbleness, he, peace be upon him, said: "Be humble for whom
you teach knowledge, be humble for him from whom you acquire knowledge, do not be
haughty scholars, so, your falsehood removes your right. Ibid. p. 120.
Regarding the ethical value and reliability of Imam Jafar as-Sadiq (as), it is necessary
to point out that out of four thousands of his students even a single one did not object
or disapprove upon the honorable character and behavior of Imam Jafar as-Sadiq (as),
and did not find a single flaw in him. He was a practical example for the Muslims with
respect to eating, relaxing and resting, walking, speaking, and conducts with others.
He didn`t differ his demeanor while in different company and had the same social
conduct with his friends as he had with his children.
Ahl-e-Sunnat alim, Malik Ibn-e-Anas says that "No eye has seen and no ear has
heard and on no human heart has passed to see a man in virtue, excellence and
learning to be greater that Jafar Ibn Mohammed (as)".
Toward the end of his life, 6th Imam was subjected to severe restraints which were put
upon him by the Abbasid caliph Mansur, who ordered torture and pitiless murder of
many of the descendants of the Prophet who were Shia. He was known to be worst than the Umayyads. Hisham, the Umayyad caliph, had ordered Imam Jafar Sadiq(as) to be arrested and taken to Damascus. Later, the Imam was detained by Saffah,
the Abbasid caliph, and brought to Iraq. Conclusively, Mansur had the Imam arrested
again and brought to Samarrah where he had the Imam kept under management, was
in every way harsh and discourteous to him, and several times thought of killing him.
Eventually the Imam was allowed to return to Medina where he spent the rest of his life
in hiding, until he was poisoned and martyred through the intrigue of Mansur.
Upon hearing the news of the Imam`s martyrdom, Mansur wrote to the governor of
Medina instructing him to go to the house of the Imam on the pretext of expressing his
condolences to the family, to ask for the Imam`s will and testament and read it. Mansur
gave orders to behead all the people whom Imam chose as his inheritors. Of course
the aim of Mansur was to put an end to the whole question of the Imamat and to Shia
objectives. When the governor of Medina, following orders, read the last will and
testament, he saw that the Imam had chosen four people rather than one to administer
his last will and testament: the caliph himself, the governor of Medina, Abdullah Aftah,
the Imam`s older son, and Musa, his younger son. In this way the plot of Mansur failed.
It is an absolute shame that no credit is given to the divine Imam for his tireless efforts,
struggles, activities and immeasurable contributions to the world of knowledge. His
name undoubtedly deserves to be on the first page of both Eastern and Western books
of Physics, Literature, Philosophy, Sciences, and other subjects as "The School of
Thought: Imam Jafar as-Sadiq (as)."
Shaheed Foundation Pakistan team offers condolences to Aaima-e-Masomeen
(as) & all the Momineens on the loss of our 6th Imam, the truthful, the Jafari school of
thought, Imam Jafar as-Sadiq (as) on his martyrdom anniversary. May Allah increases
our capacity to take advantage of the knowledge of our Imams, to do good deeds, and
raises us with Holy Prophet (pbuh) and his Progeny, ameen.
DOWNLOAD: a collection of Hadith by the 6th Imam on knowledge, behavior,
remembrance, prayer, and fear of God