Nawroz, which means "new day" in Faarsi/Persian, falls on March 20th and is celebrated primarily by Persians to mark the arrival of spring and the beginning of the New Year. Nawroz is considered a public holiday in Iran. Traditionally, Nawroz celebrates the emergence of nature, life`s replenishment, and the victory of good, and light over the darkness of winter.
Persians observe Nawroz by displaying seven objects on a table couple of weeks before Nawroz. The seven objects are: Persian sweet, coin, seeded greens such as wheat or lental, hyacinth flower, garlic, dried fruit, and vinegar symbolizing truth, justice, good deeds, prosperity, virtue, immortality and generositu.
To the extent that religion is concerned, Islam tends to include all the cultural expressions and customs that do not contrast with its principles. Celebrating Nawroz contains a lot more meaning to Shias religiously rather than traditionally.
Shia-Muslims keep fast, put on new/clean clothes, apply perfumes, and perform additional prayers to celebrate Nawroz contentedly all around the world as Eid-e-Nawroz to rejoice various occasions that took place on the day of Nawroz making this day exclusively triumphant.
Imam Khomeini (ra) used to send a message to the public every year on the occasion of Nawroz. He also composed a poem as follows: "On Eid, everyone goes to the desserts and gardens. I, drowsy, go towards Allah."
There are indeed traditions from the Imams (as) conveying the magnificence of this Eid. Shias also cherish this day with respect because it is stated in some traditions that Eid-e-Ghadeer coincides in some year with Eid-e-Nawroz. It is narrated by one of Imam Jafar Sadiq (as)`s companions that Imam (as) asked him: "Do you know this day?" He replied, "This is the day on which Persians offer presents to each other to celebrate." Imam Jafar Sadiq (as) said: "Today is the day on which God made a pact with His servants to pray to Him and not to follow polytheism and to follow Prophets (as) and Ahlaibait (as). On this day the last Imam, the Awaited Al-Mahdi (atfj) is expected to reappear."
The tradition is also quoted in detail by Allama Majlisi in Zad al-Ma`aad and Biharul Anwar, vol. 59 that Imam Jafar Sadiq (as) has mentioned the following events regarding Nawroz: Nawroz is the day when Allah, the High, took the promise from the souls of all human beings (before their creation) to His oneness, that they would not associate partners with Him and that they would accept and believe in His Prophets and Imams; this is also the day when the flood during the time of Prophet Nuh (as) subsided and the ark rested on the mountain of Judi; Nawroz is also the day when Imam Ali (as) and the Messenger of Allah (as) destroyed the idols of the polytheists of the Quraish in the city of Makkah. This was also the day that Prophet Ibrahim (as) destroyed the idols; also the day when the Messenger of Allah ordered his companions to pledge allegiance to Ali as the Commander of the Faithful (this is in reference to the Day of Ghadeer which took place on the Eid-e-Nawroz); it is also the day when the Qa`im from Aale Muhammad (the 12th Imam(as)) will make his adventů(inshAllah)"
Shaheed Foundation Pakistan congratulates the Masoomeen (as) and the untie Muslim Ummah on this pleasant occasion of Eid-e-Nawroz. May Allah showers his blessings upon the lovers of Holy Prophet (saww) and his Progeny. Don`t forget to share the joy of Nawroz with those who have their rights upon us. May this Nawroz be the one we have been waiting for and we get to do ziyarat of Imam-e-Zamana (atfj), ameen.