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بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم ۔ کیا آپ نے اس شخص کو دیکھا جو سزا و جزا کو جھوٹلاتا  ہے ؟ یہ وہی ہے جو یتیم کو دھکے دیتا ہے- اور مسکین کو کھانا کھلانے کی ترغیب نہیں دیتا- پس ایسے نمازیوں کے لئے ہلاکت ہے- جو اپنی نماز سے غافل رہتے ہیں- جو ریاکاری کرتے ہیں- اور< ضرورتمندوں کو> معموملی چیزیں دینے سے بھی گریزکرتے ہیں۔ {سورہ ماعون} بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم ۔ کیا آپ نے اس شخص کو دیکھا جو سزا و جزا کو جھوٹلاتا  ہے ؟ یہ وہی ہے جو یتیم کو دھکے دیتا ہے- اور مسکین کو کھانا کھلانے کی ترغیب نہیں دیتا- پس ایسے نمازیوں کے لئے ہلاکت ہے- جو اپنی نماز سے غافل رہتے ہیں- جو ریاکاری کرتے ہیں- اور< ضرورتمندوں کو> معموملی چیزیں دینے سے بھی گریزکرتے ہیں۔ {سورہ ماعون}
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Article

Death Anniversary of Allama Iqbal

Compiled by: Rima Hassan


"I am two personalities in one; the outer is practical and business like and the inner is the dreamer, philosopher, and mystic." Iqbal

On April 21, 1938, Iqbal died in Lahore. People swarmed to his house; they included Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs. His friends selected a vacant spot on the left side of the steps of the gigantic Mughal mosque as his burial place. The site belonged to the archaeological authorities and hence the Chief Minister of Punjab Sir Sikander Hayat Khan had to be contacted in the middle of his Calcutta visit. He refused (and later got himself buried on the other side of the same entrance). The British Governor was more helpful and through him the permission was secured from Delhi by the afternoon.

By that time, newspapers had printed special supplements so that when the funeral procession started in the evening it contained no less than twenty thousand people. Children from the orphanage of Anjuman Himayat-i-Islam paid their homage by holding little black flags in their hands and standing silently in a queue on a nearby road. They lowered their flags when the procession passed by. It was not forgotten that the poet had started out as a fundraiser for homeless children thirty-eight years ago.

The body was lowered into the grave at 9:45 pm after the funeral prayer had been offered twice, once in the playgrounds of the Islamia College (where, we are told, some fifty thousand people attended it) and a second time in the grand Mughal mosque where he had seldom missed the biannual Eid prayers in his life.

His last book, an imaginary travelogue to Madinah in Persian verse was still unpublished. It came out later that year by the title he had given to it, Armughan-i-Hijaz, or The Gift of Hijaz. His last Urdu anthology was appended to it as an additional section.

The process of recognition beyond his own region, which started in his lifetime, did not diminish after his death. In England and Germany there are university chairs in his name and scholarship on him exists in many more countries, including the US, the Soviet Union and many countries in Africa and Asia.

Iqbal was not only a poet, but a thinker, critic, political activist, social reformer, and an exceptional philosopher. Iqbal is the best articulated Muslim response to Modernity that the Islamic world has produced in the 20th century.

Iqbal`s monologues and dramatic monologues cover a wide range, and this manner of poetry (apparently inspired from Robert Browning) as well as his numerous prayers may also be included in this category (even `The Complaint` written later would be, ironically, a `prayer`; but that will be discussed in the next chapter). The dramatic monologues include one by an imaginary tombstone of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan; the opening is starkly proud and optimistic: "O you, who are living, look at the rehabilitation of this once deserted city! This indeed is the society I used to be so concerned about, so look at the fruits of my patience and perseverance. My tombstone has become fond of speech, so read its inscription with your inward eye." The commandments invisibly inscribed on the tombstone enjoin that thou shalt not turn thy back on the world, nor use thy pen and speech for creating dissentions, and so on.

In his poetry (in Farsi and Urdu) he has written a lot of good things about Ahly Bait and general concepts of Islam that agree with Shia views.

Once some Sunni ulema got angry and came to him to ask if he has converted to Shia`ism? Allama Iqbal wrote a poem regarding this meeting. In one of the verse he says about himself:

"Hai is ki tabiat mei, taShai`o bhe zara sa."


Allama Iqbal has also said some of his most famous versus for Ahlaibait (as) on deferent occasions such as:

Qatl e Hussain (as) asl main marg-e-Yazeed hai
Islam zinda hota hai her Karbala ke bad
and
Islam k daman main bus is k siwa kya hai
Ik Zarb-e-YaduALLAH (as) hai, ik Sajda-e-Shabbiri (as)


Shaheed Foundation Pakistan extends its condolences on the 74th death anniversary of Shair-e-Mashriq, Allama Iqbal. We pray that he gets high place in Heaven for his love of Ahlaibait (as) and our present youth takes advantage from his evergreen words, poetry, and philosophy.

We would also like to share a book by Allama Iqbal called Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam.
http://www.allamaiqbal.com/works/prose/english/reconstruction/index.htm

Extracted from: The Life and Times of Iqbal - Khurram Ali Shafique and AllamaIqbal.com

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